How Does a Vacuum Cleaner Work? (Explained)

How Does a Vacuum Cleaner Work? (Explained)

Complete Guide: How Does The Vacuum Cleaner Work?

The vacuum cleaner is a staple at home, making our daily cleaning tasks far more manageable. But have you ever wondered how this cleaning wizard actually works its magic? In this blog, we'll explore how vacuum cleaner works, demystifying the science behind its suction power and the ingenious mechanisms that enable it to whisk away dirt and debris from your floors. Keep reading to learn more!


What Composites a Vacuum Cleaner?

A vacuum cleaner is composed of various components that work together to efficiently remove dirt, dust, and debris from surfaces. Here's a simplified breakdown of the key components and their functions if you need to know how the vacuum works.


Vacuum Cleaner Component
Vacuum Cleaner Function
The electric motor powers the vacuum by creating suction. It draws in air and dirt, propelling it into the dustbin or bag.
Dustbin or Bag
This is the container that collects dirt and debris. It can be a bag that needs replacement or a dustbin that can be emptied and reused.
Filtration System
Most vacuum cleaners include a filtration system, which may consist of filters like HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) filters to trap fine particles and allergens.
Hose and Nozzle
These components allow the vacuum to reach various surfaces. The nozzle often has brushes or rollers to agitate and loosen dirt.
Wheels provide mobility and ease of movement while vacuuming.
Handle and Controls
The handle is used for maneuvering, and controls on the vacuum allow users to adjust settings such as power and suction strength.
Power Cord or Battery
A power cord connects the vacuum to an electrical outlet, while cordless models use rechargeable batteries for power.
Vacuum cleaners come with various attachments like crevice tools, brushes, and upholstery tools for specialized cleaning tasks.
How Does a Vacuum Cleaner Work? (Explained)

How Does a Vacuum Cleaner Work?

No matter whether cord or cordless vacuum cleaners, they share the same mechanism, that is to create a negative air pressure inside the machine, a lower pressure compared to the surrounding environment. This lower pressure zone is what generates suction and draws in air and debris. Here's the detailed process of how a cord or cordless vacuum cleaner works:


Motor and Fan

The heart of the vacuum is an electric motor connected to a fan or blower. When the vacuum is turned on, the motor powers the fan, which rapidly spins and generates airflow.


Suction Power

As the fan spins, it creates a low-pressure area within the vacuum cleaner. This low-pressure zone is achieved by expelling air from the machine at a high speed, which is useful to make a wet vacuum cleaner work. Nature abhors a vacuum, so the surrounding air rushes in to fill the void, carrying dust and debris with it.


Air Intake

The vacuum cleaner is designed with a specific airflow path. The suction nozzle or cleaning head is in direct contact with the surface being cleaned. Air, along with dirt and debris, is drawn into the nozzle. To dislodge dirt and debris from the surface, many vacuum cleaners have brushes, rollers, or beater bars in the cleaning head. These components agitate the fibers or other surfaces, making it easier for the vacuum to pick up particles.



As the incoming air and debris are drawn into the vacuum, they pass through one or more filters. These filters, often including HEPA filters, capture and trap fine particles like dust, allergens, and microorganisms, ensuring that only clean air is released back into the environment.


Dust Collection

The dirt and debris are collected either in a dustbin or a disposable bag, depending on the vacuum type. How does a bagless vacuum cleaner work? Bagless vacuums have a dustbin that can be emptied, while bagged vacuums use disposable bags that need replacement when full.


How to Use Vacuum Cleaner?

Do vacuum mops really work? The answer is definitely yes, only if you use it in the correct way. The utilization process of different vacuum cleaners varies by type and brand. We will take MACH V1 Ultra as an example to explain the steps of using vacuum cleaners.


MACH V1 Ultra is a versatile mop vacuum cleaner with powerful steam cleaning capabilities. It is the next generation of floor cleaning technology, which combines a vacuum, a mop, and a steam cleaner into one powerful appliance. This makes it the perfect choice for anyone who wants a quick and easy way to keep their floors deep clean and germ-free. The following are the steps for using MACH V1 Ultra vacuum cleaner:


Charge the Vacuum Cleaner

  • Plug the power cord of the charging base into a suitable power outlet.

  • Install the removable cover on the charging base.

  • Position the MACH Vacuum Vertically into the port of the charging base. The screen will display the “Charging status”, and the charging process will last for approximately 3 to 4 hours.

Note: Before first use, fully charge the MACH Vacuum Cleaner for 4 hours.


Prepare the Vacuum Cleaner

While the vacuum cleaner is charging, you can remove the water tank and cleaner tank to fill them with water and floor cleaner separately.


  • Take out the water tank and fill it with tap water, making sure not to exceed the maximum water level. Note that purified water or other cleaning solutions are not allowed.

  • Reinstall the water tank back to your vacuum cleaner.

  • Take out the floor cleaner tank, add floor cleaner, and reinstall the tank.

How Does a Vacuum Cleaner Work? (Explained)

Clean the Floor Using Different Cleaning Modes

Once the MACH Vacuum is ready, you can begin the cleaning process. The vacuum offers three distinct cleaning modes tailored to various floor conditions and your specific cleaning requirements:


  • Smart Cleaning Mode

Smart Cleaning Mode is the ideal cleaning mode for daily mopping and washing of hard floors. Here is how to use it:


Step 1: Move the MACH vacuum cleaner from the charging base. Gently step on the foot pedal and pull the handlebar backward until you hear a clicking sound. Continue to pull the handlebar to put the vacuum into standby mode.


Step 2: Next, press the power button to activate the default Smart mode. If you desire higher suction power, simply press and hold the trigger button on the vacuum.



The blue indicator light on the tank turning on signifies that the oxygen generator in the water tank has started generating oxygen for the water, enhancing the cleaning process.


How Does a Vacuum Cleaner Work? (Explained)
  • Steam Mode

Steam Mode is recommended to remove tough stains, making it suitable for kitchen and dining room cleaning. To use the Steam mode on the MACH V1 Ultra, follow these steps:


Step 1: Start following step 1 in the previous part to put the vacuum into standby mode.


Step 2: Press the power button to activate the default Smart mode. And press the mode button once. The vacuum will transition into Steam mode.


Step 3: Wait about 20 seconds for the pulsing red indicator lights on the roller brush cover to turn to solid red lights. This change indicates that the vacuum has completed the preparation process, and Steam mode is now ready for use.


Step 4: Press the trigger button on the vacuum to release steam from the vacuum cleaner.



The MACH V1 Ultra vacuum cleaner can operate in Steam mode for up to 15 minutes before the battery runs out. Be mindful of the time to ensure efficient use.


  • Suction Mode

Suction mode is particularly effective for tasks like cleaning water stains on bathroom floors and removing hair, among other similar scenarios. Here is how to activate the Suction mode:


After the vacuum enters the standby mode, press the power button to turn on the vacuum cleaner in its default Smart mode, and then press the mode button twice to switch the vacuum to the Suction mode.

Self-cleaning the Vacuum Cleaner

After completing your cleaning task, return the MACH VI Ultra vacuum cleaner to its base. Press the Self-cleaning button to initiate the cleaning and drying process for its roller brush.


Remember to empty the water tank after each use and clean the filter regular to prevent the build-up of dirt and hair.



Vacuum cleaners operate by creating a difference in air pressure, generating suction that lifts dirt and debris from surfaces. They agitate surfaces, trap particles, and filter the air to prevent pollutants from escaping. These appliances are essential for maintaining cleanliness and indoor air quality in homes, making them a cornerstone of modern household hygiene. So, it’s time to choose a high-quality vacuum cleaner like MACH V1 Ultra to thoroughly clean your home.



Should You Vacuum First or Dust First?

It's generally recommended to dust before you vacuum. Dusting surfaces first allows any debris that falls onto the floor to be picked up during the vacuuming process. This sequence prevents stirring up settled dust while vacuuming, ensuring a more thorough cleaning. Start by dusting higher surfaces and working your way down, then follow up with vacuuming to remove loose particles from the floor. Using attachments for hard-to-reach areas and maintaining a regular cleaning routine will help keep your space clean and allergen-free.


How Often Do You Dust Your Home?

Dust your home at least once a week to keep it clean and allergen-free. Adjust the frequency based on factors like occupancy, pets, and allergies. Regular dusting contributes to a healthier living space.


What Powers The Suction in a Vacuum?

The suction in a vacuum cleaner is powered by an electric motor that creates a pressure difference. The motor generates a stream of air, creating a low-pressure area inside the vacuum. This pressure difference causes air and debris to be drawn into the vacuum's nozzle and then into the dust collection chamber.

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